The impressive warship sank off the coast of Portsmouth, but was raised from the sea more than 400 years later
Memories of Mary Rose’s rise from the bottom of the Solent sea are sought 40 years after Henry VIII’s flagship was recovered from the water.
Millions of TV viewers witnessed the first time in 437 years when the wooden frame was moved to the roof.
The project was led by King Charles, then the Prince of Wales. The Mary Rose Museum researches people’s memories of the event in an anniversary blog.
Here is everything you need to know about it.
What was Mary Rose?
The Mary Rose was a successful warship that served King Henry VIII for 34 years. It sank during the Battle of Solent in 1545, killing the vast majority of its crew.
The ship sank while leading an attack on arench invasion fleet, and Henry VIII was watching from nearby Castle Southsea. Nearly 500 soldiers and sailors were killed.
The wreck site was discovered on the sea floor in 1971, at a depth of about 40 feet (12 m). our years later in 1975, master diver King Charles III spent 47 minutes underwater examining the main shipwreck.
In 1982, 437 years after it first sank, Mary Rose’s remains and 19,000 artifacts were recovered, many of which are preserved and displayed at the historic Portsmouth Shipyard.
The ship has been dubbed the “Tudor Time Capsule”, and on board are thousands of artifacts including weapons and the crew’s personal belongings, which are now on display in the museum.
The massive archaeological and engineering undertaking to raise the ship was a matter of personal interest to King Charles.
It is believed that up to three of the eight crew members of the Tudor battleship may have originated from the coasts of southern Europe, Iberia, and North Africa.
The researchers say the remaining five crew members likely originated in western Britain, with further analysis suggesting that one of those men was of African descent.
Where did Mary Rose drown?
The Mary Rose sank in Solent, the strait north of the Isle of Wight, off the coast of Portsmouth.
The ship was actually found more than 100 years before it was rediscovered in the 20th century, when a group of five fishermen in mid-1836 caught their nets on timbers jutting out from the bottom of the Solent.
Two professional divers were hired, and they used recently invented rubber suits and metal diving helmets to inspect the wreck and items salvaged from it, including several bronze and iron guns.
Ownership of the objects caused a dispute between the divers and the fisherman who hired them, an argument settled by an agreement to allow the fishermen a share of the proceeds from the sale of salvaged weapons.
where is she today
Debris was transferred to an air-controlled dry trough and sprayed with a mist of cold water, followed by a water-soluble wax, before the start of the air drying procedure.
Mary Rose is currently kept in a £39 million purpose-built museum in the Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, where visitors can view it through floor-to-ceiling windows and stroll along an airlock-accessed balcony.
Mary Rose Museum asks individuals to share their memories of where they were on October 12, 1982 – the date the wreck was lifted – on their blog.
In 2020, the remains of the flagship were said to be in “mortal danger” after the museum closed its doors to visitors amid the Covid-19 outbreak, according to the charity’s chief executive.
Helen Boncer Wilton, CEO of MarieHas risen The Trust warned that “the clock is now ticking” about the museum’s survival. She explained that 90% of its funding comes from visitors, with the majority achieved between April and September.
Although things have since eased and access to the wreck is no longer restricted, the public can continue to support the museum through its website at: www.maryrose.org/support-us.